solar panels

From Sunlight to Electricity: How Do Solar Panels Work?

If you’ve always wondered how solar panels work, Sunbrite Solar has got all your questions answered.

As the world continues to shift towards renewable energy sources, solar panels have become increasingly popular as a way to harness the power of the sun to generate electricity. In Australia, where sunlight is abundant, solar panels have become an attractive option for households and businesses looking to reduce their energy costs and carbon footprint.

In this blog post, we will explore how solar panels work, the different types of solar panels available in Australia, and the benefits of solar energy.

So, how does solar energy work?


The process of generating solar power electricity from solar panels involves several steps. First, sunlight hits the solar panel and is absorbed by the photovoltaic cells. The electrons in the cells are then knocked loose, creating a flow of electricity. This electricity is then collected by the wiring in the solar panel and sent to an inverter, which converts the direct current (DC) electricity generated by the solar panels into alternating current (AC) electricity that can be used to power homes and businesses.

How does a photovoltaic cell work?

Solar panels are made up of photovoltaic cells – also known as solar cells – which are made of silicon and other materials. But how does a solar cell work? When sunlight hits the photovoltaic cells, it creates a flow of electrons that generates an electric current.

The value of your Sydney home will increase

Access to government rebates to help cover the cost of your system

Greater independence and less reliance on your energy retailer

How do solar panels transform solar energy into electricity?

Solar panels transform solar energy into electricity through a process called the photovoltaic effect. The panels are made up of photovoltaic cells, which contain layers of semiconducting materials, typically silicon. When sunlight hits the panel, it creates an electric field across the layers of the cell, causing the free electrons to move in a specific direction. This movement of electrons creates an electrical current, which can be captured and converted into usable electricity by an inverter. The electricity produced can be used to power homes, and businesses, or fed back into the grid for others to use. This is how solar panels generate electricity.

Types of Solar Panels Available in Australia

There are two main types of solar panels available in Australia: monocrystalline and polycrystalline:


  • Monocrystalline solar panels are made from a single crystal of silicon and are typically more efficient than polycrystalline panels. They are also more expensive, but their higher efficiency means that they can generate more electricity from a smaller surface area.
  • Polycrystalline solar panels are made from multiple crystals of silicon and are less efficient than mono-crystalline panels. They are also less expensive, but their lower efficiency means that more surface area is required to generate the same amount of electricity as a monocrystalline panel.

Benefits of Solar Energy

There are several benefits to using solar energy in Australia, including:

Cost Savings

Solar panels can help to reduce electricity bills by generating electricity from the sun instead of relying on grid power. This can result in significant cost savings over time, especially for households and businesses that use a lot of electricity!

Energy Independence

By generating their own electricity, households and businesses can become more energy independent and reduce their reliance on grid power. This can be especially important in areas where power outages are common.

Environmental Benefits

Solar energy is a clean and renewable source of energy that produces no greenhouse gas emissions or air pollution. This makes it a more environmentally friendly option than fossil fuels, which are responsible for a significant amount of Australia’s carbon emissions.

Increased Property Value

Installing solar panels on a property can increase its value by making it more attractive to potential buyers. This can be especially true in areas where energy costs are high or where solar energy is popular!

Summary: How Do Solar Panels Work?

In conclusion, solar panels are a powerful and promising technology that has the potential to revolutionise the way we generate and consume electricity. With the increasing awareness of climate change and the urgent need to reduce our carbon emissions, solar energy has become an attractive option for households and businesses looking to reduce their environmental impact and energy costs.

Australia, being as sunny as it is, is well-positioned to benefit from solar energy. Solar panel battery storage systems offer households and businesses the opportunity to generate their own electricity and reduce their reliance on grid power. By choosing the right type of battery storage system and considering factors such as size, type, brand, installation, maintenance, and cost, Australian households and businesses can take advantage of the many benefits of solar energy.

Plus, the Australian government offers several incentives to households and businesses that install solar panels battery storage systems, such as Small-Scale Technology Certificates (STCs), feed-in tariffs, and low-interest loans. These incentives can help to reduce the upfront cost of the system and make solar energy a more accessible option for many Australians.

As we continue to move towards a more sustainable future, it is important to consider the role of solar energy in meeting our energy needs. Solar panels have the potential to provide a clean, renewable source of energy that can help to reduce our carbon emissions and mitigate the impacts of climate change. With the right technology, incentives, and policies in place, solar energy can help to create a more sustainable and resilient future for Australia and the planet as a whole.

Frequently Asked Questions

How long do your Sydney solar panels last?

Around 25 years, provided they’re well-maintained. Solar panels need to be regularly cleaned and serviced, whether by yourself or a professional.

What types of houses are compatible with solar panels?

Generally, most homes are compatible with solar panels. Homes with south-facing roofs may not be ideal for solar panels — but there are options, such as ground-mounted panels as alternatives.

What type of solar panel is best for residential use?

The easiest way to find out which solar panels might be best for your home is to contact our customer service team. They’ll walk you through our product range and match you with the right product.

How do I find the best residential solar installer in Sydney?

Are you considering installing a solar system for your NSW home? Then you’ll want to find the right solar installation company that offers the most experience and know-how.

The best solar installers will give you valuable advice on solar batteries, panels and the most effective systems to store solar energy.

Sunbrite Solar gives you access to the best residential solar installers in Sydney and across NSW. 

Get a FREE quote today and find a trusted and certified team who will install your solar system for less. 

What are the benefits of paying for residential solar panel installation?

Going solar has never been a more cost-effective and accessible option for residential homeowners!

By investing in solar panel installation and the best solar PV system, homeowners can power their homes with clean, renewable energy while potentially lowering their electricity bills. 

Additionally, using solar energy helps to reduce our reliance on non-renewable energy sources such as fossil fuels, thereby reducing our carbon footprint and mitigating the effects of climate change. 

Solar panels also require minimal maintenance and have a long lifespan, making them a smart investment for the future. 

With government incentives and financing options available, there has never been a better time to make the switch to solar power in your home.

What’s the cost of residential solar panel installation in Sydney?

You can find out the price of a residential solar installer in Sydney with our free solar quote system. 

Simply submit your details and we’ll provide you with a range of qualified solar installers and their quotes.

You’ll be free to explore these prices and find the one that suits your needs and your budget. 

When estimating the cost of your residential solar battery installation, an additional factor to consider is how much the right solar battery installation will save you on your electricity bill. 

Generating and storing this renewable energy is an unbeatable way to minimise your energy bills – and you can even sell excess solar energy back to the grid! 

So while there will be some initial outlay for your solar PV system, getting real value for money on your installation and the savings you’ll enjoy over time will make this a great investment!

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